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AIDS/HIV - Prevention And Transmission

While prevention efforts have managed to reduce the number of new HIV infections, each year, an estimated 56,300 Americans are newly infected with HIV. Efforts are underway by many agencies, primarily the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), to fund prevention programs to educate people at highest risk, as well as the general public, about HIV/AIDS and preventing or reducing their risk. HIV is spread by sexual contact with an infected person, by sharing needles and/or syringes (primarily for drug injection) with someone who is infected, or, less commonly (and now very rarely in countries where blood is screened for HIV antibodies), through transfusions of infected blood or blood clotting factors. Babies born to HIV-infected women may become infected before or during birth or through breast-feeding after birth.

 

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Confirmatory HIV Test to Prevent Incorrect HIV Diagnosis
Confirmatory HIV testing may substantially reduce the number of false diagnoses. Many infants in South Africa have been falsely diagnose.....
Barriers to Routine HIV Testing Identified
Several barriers have been identified to routine HIV testing in emergency departments and acute medical units in high-income countries like UK and US,.....
First Two-Drug Regimen for HIV Gets USFDA Approval

Highlights:

  • The US FDA approves the first two-drug treatment for HIV
  • The drug, Juluca .....
Health Insurance Aids in Treatment for Cystic Fibrosis
Over the period from 1990 to 2013, cystic fibrosis patients in the United States had showed faster improvement.

Nutritional status and lung.....
New Strategy for Vaccination Against AIDS
Highlights
  • A vaccine for AIDS that consists of two components and can activate the immune syst.....


Screening Tests for Tuberculosis
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Presbycusis (Age-related Hearing Loss)-Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment-FAQs
Presbycusis (age related hearing loss) is the gradual loss of hearing that occurs as people get older. Presbycusis involves progressive sensorineural hearing loss... Read More
Opportunistic Infections - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention
Opportunistic infections are microbial infections that can cause disease in persons with a weak immune system, but usually do not cause disease in healthy people... Read More
Online Hearing Tests - Types, Procedure, Results, Interpretation
Online hearing tests enable you to test your hearing to check slow or sudden hearing loss right at your home. The results of these hearing tests direct further action... Read More
Needlestick Injuries - Risks, Prevention & Treatment
A needlestick injury is a common occupational hazard that occurs when the skin has been pierced by a needle or a sharp object... Read More
Mouth | Oral Ulcers - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention
Mouth ulcer or a sore in the mouth is breakage of the mucosal layer in the mouth. Local traumatic injury can cause mouth ulcers... Read More



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